talavera spain battle

The attack was deferred for a day, by which time Victor had retired and the opportunity of fighting him before he could be reinforced by Sebastiani and Joseph had been lost. Sir Arthur Wellesley positioning Spanish regiments at the Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. The 23rd lost 207 killed, wounded or missing, with 224 horses lost, from a total strength of 480. Victor again assigned the main assault to Ruffin’s battered division, presumably on the basis that it was in the correct position and it would take time and be risky to move it out of the way and replace it with one of his other two divisions. At Talavera an Anglo-Spanish army under Sir Arthur Wellesley combined with a Spanish army under General Cuesta in operations against French-occupied Madrid. Talavera, Battle of, Talavera de la Reina, Spain, 1809 Please provide your name, email, and your suggestion so that we can begin assessing any terminology changes. It was apparent to Wellesley that a further French attack was under way, causing him to seek reinforcements from Cuesta, who despatched Aberquerque’s cavalry division and a battery of horse artillery. The brigades of Stewart and Tilson fell back behind the crest of the Cerro de Medellin, as Rettberg’s battery struggled to return the French cannonade. It was planned that Sebastiani’s Corps would take the left of the French advance, but his troops were still coming up on the east bank of the River Alberche, only Merlin’s dragoon division having crossed. French staff officers: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Hippolyte Belangé. Attack by Anson’s Light Cavalry Brigade at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809. On 10th July 1809, Wellesley made the short journey to Casas del Puerto, on the far side of the River Tagus, to consult with General Cuesta and see at first hand the quality of his substantial Spanish army. The 7th KGL lost heavily while the 5th was seriously disordered. Size of the armies at the Battle of Talavera: 16,500 British and Germans with 35,000 Spanish against 45,000 French. April 2, 2014 . Coming under fire from the French guns on the Cerro de Cascabal and the light infantry on the Sierra de Segurilla, the light cavalrymen broke from a trot to a canter at an early stage in their advance. Units labeled Cazadores Regiment are regular light infantry. Visit our dedicated Podcast page or visit Podbean below. Some regiments did reach the army: 23rd Light Dragoons and the 48th and 61st Foot. At around 8.30am, the cannonade ceased and officers and soldiers of both sides wandered down to the Portina Brook to drink the muddy water, mingle and gossip. The British and German infantry waited until the first line of the French columns were within 50 yards, fired a devastating volley and charged. As the struggle in the centre reached its height, Victor began his advance around the northern side of the Cerro de Medellin, Ruffin’s Division on the right, the 9th Light moving over the Sierra de Segurilla, with Villatte’s Division on the left, led by the 27th Light. The musket could be fired at three or four times a minute, throwing a heavy ball inaccurately for a hundred metres or so. The British and KGL lost 5,363 men killed, wounded or captured. Cuesta’s Spanish army was even further forward, at Torrijos, 15 miles from Toledo. Talavera de la Reina is a city and municipality in the western part of the province of Toledo, which in turn is part of the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha, Spain.It is the second-largest nucleus of population in Castile–La Mancha and the largest in the province: its population of 83,793 makes it larger than the city of Toledo, although the latter remains the provincial capital. This was not the case. Wellesley’s information on the French dispositions was that Victor’s Corps was retreating before him towards Talavera and Madrid, Ney was likely to remain in Galicia, the condition of Soult’s Corps was so bad as to preclude it from acting against him and Mortier’s Corps was in Valladolid. The Battle Honour TALAVERA is emblazoned on The Queen's Colours of The Royal Irish Regiment.. While doing this, Wellesley was called away to deal with the surprise attack on Mackenzie’s Division at the Casa de Salinas. The French infantry of the 27th opened a damaging fire on the helpless troopers. Victor, following his success over Mackenzie’s Division at the Casa de Salinas, brought the rest of his corps over the River Alberche and advanced towards Wellesley’s positions, with Ruffin’s Division to the front on the right, followed by Villatte’s Division, with Lapisse’s Division on the left, followed by Beaumont’s 2 cavalry regiments and with Latour-Maubourg’s cavalry division spread across the plain to the left, in front of the Spanish positions. Spanish losses were said by Cuesta to be 1,500. Having driven Marshal Soult's French army from Portugal, General Wellesley's 20,000 British troops advanced into Spain to join 33,000 Spanish troops under General Cuesta. With the French driven back, the British infantry were able to march to the main line, covered by the cavalry brigades of Anson, Cotton and Fane, but under a heavy fire from French horse artillery. ‘The General’s Hat’ at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809. Attack of the British 29th Regiment at the Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. With Portugal liberated, Wellington turned his attention to Spain, and planned a joint operation with a Spanish army under General Cuesta. Hill’s Division suffered casualties of around 750 killed, wounded or captured, Hill himself being wounded and forced to leave the battlefield, Tilson taking over command of his division. Venegas’ Spanish army, following Sebastiani, received various conflicting orders from the Supreme Junta in Seville and from Cuesta and halted on the road to Madrid from the south-east, losing contact with Sebastiani. . Most of the casualties were probably due to desertion, as few were engaged during the battle. Several battalion commanders were killed or wounded. Joseph was in the rear with the reserve, comprising his Cavalry and Infantry Guard, Dessolle’s infantry brigade and 2 squadrons of Chasseurs a Cheval. The German regiment receiving the discharges of grape gave way and ran back. The medal was only issued to those entitled to one or more of the clasps. The battle of Talavera, fought on 28 th July, 1809, resulted in a defeat of the French army, and a most significant victory for the Duke of Wellington, then Sir Arthur Wellesley. Although Wellesely's forces were outnumbered, and a sizeable contingent of the Spanish ran away, he had chosen a superb defensive position and was able to beat … On reaching the summit of the Cerro de Medellin, the leading company of the 29th fired a volley into the French and charged them, driving them back into the ravine. Walloon Guards (Guardias Walonas) 4. The standard infantry weapon across all the armies was the muzzle-loading musket. On 22nd July 1809, the Spanish and British armies again advanced, moving in parallel columns, the Spanish on the left. Podcast of the Battle of Talavera: The British victory south of Madrid on 28th July 1809 over Joseph Bonaparte, the King imposed on Spain by Napoleon, and his French army in the Peninsular War: John Mackenzie’s Britishbattles.com podcast. Of Ruffin’s 3 regiments, each of 3 battalions, the 24th of the Line was to march around the north of the Cerro de Medellin and attack the British flank, while the 9th Light was to cross the ravine of the Portina Brook and make a frontal assault, with the 96th of the Line crossing the Portina Brook further south and attacking the right flank of the British troops on the Cerro de Medellin. A small Spanish and Portuguese force was despatched to the left flank. Victor declared that if Joseph could hold the Spanish troops, he would storm the Cerro de Medellin with the three divisions of his corps. Sebastiani’s Division and Leval’s German Division were to attack the British divisions in Wellesley’s centre and right. On 17th July 1809, Wellesley’s army left Plasencia, crossed the River Tierar and reached Oropesa on 20th July 1809. Death of General Mackenzie at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by R. Westall. The Battle of Albuera almost resulted in defeat for the allied armies, but ended largely inconclusively with terrible losses on both sides. Victor was determined to renew his attack in daylight. On 25th July 1809, Joseph marched into Vargas, to the north of Toledo, Sebastiani’s Corps reached the city of Toledo, while Victor halted on the River Guararrama, 10 miles west of the city, thereby concentrating the French First Corps, Fourth Corps and Reserve in an army of 46,000 men. In the middle of the heated discussions, a despatch arrived from Soult saying that he could not reach Plasencia until between the 3rd and 5th August 1809. Two French generals were killed; Lapisse and van Porbeck. Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Wellesley was informed of the attack and rode forward to take over the situation. On receiving Victor’s report that he was retreating, Joseph changed the destination of his march from Talavera to Toledo. In spite of Victor’s strenuous objections, Joseph ordered a general withdrawal to the positions held at the beginning of the day. The British rifle battalions (60th and 95th Rifles) carried the Baker rifle, a more accurate weapon but slower to fire, and a sword bayonet. Both light cavalry regiments reformed and continued with their attack, the 1st Hussars being beaten off by the square of the 24th and the 23rd coming to grief in front of the square of the 27th Light or in a punishing fight with Merlin’s Cavalry Division. Skirmishing took place between cavalry patrols. During the night, Victor received information that Wellesley was seeking to march around his right flank. The battle honour ‘Talavera’ was awarded to the following British regiments: 3rd Dragoon Guards, 4th Dragoons, 14th Light Dragoons, 16th Light Dragoons, Coldstream Guards, 3rd Guards, 3rd Buffs, 7th Royal Fusiliers, 24th, 29th, 31st, 40th, 45th, 48th, 53rd, 60th, 61st, 66th, 83rd, 87th and 88th Regiments. Anecdotes and traditions from the Battle of Talavera: Military General Service Medal awarded to Captain Hawker with clasp for the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War, Badge of the Northamptonshire Regiment: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Jourdan, Joseph’s chief of staff, now on the battlefield, was for waiting until Soult’s army began its move through the mountain passes to emerge on Wellesley’s lines of communication. The Bat­tle of Talavera (27–28 July 1809) was fought just out­side the town of Ta­lav­era de la Reina, Spain some 120 kilo­me­tres (75 mi) south­west of Madrid, dur­ing the Penin­su­lar War. This news made it essential to fight, as Joseph could not detach a sufficient force to hold Madrid against the advancing Spanish army of Venegas, coming up from the south-east and still confront Cuesta and Wellesley with sufficient strength. Victor halted the advance and his cavalrymen dispersed to find forage for their horses, enabling the Spanish formations to get away without further molestation. Anson’s brigade did attempt an attack on the French dragoons, but came under fire from a French horse artillery battery and suffered some losses. Infantry, Light Infantry and Hussar of the King’s German Legion: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Charles Hamilton Smith. The battle of Talavera of 27-28 July 1809 was the first of Sir Arthur Wellesley’s great victories in Spain during the Peninsular War. Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by JJ Jenkins. Talavera de la Reina, city, Toledo provincia (provincia), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Castile-La Mancha, central Spain, on the northern bank of the Tagus River near its confluence with the Alberche. 30,000 French infantry would be attacking 16,500 British infantry. Wellesley planned to face the French army along the line of the Portina Brook, the Spanish right based on the walled town of Talavera and the British left on the Cerro de Medellin. To achieve this end, Joseph had been corresponding with Soult on bringing together the French Second, Fifth and Sixth Corps for an advance towards Portugal. Events soon compelled Wellesley, who was soon appointed Viscount Wellington, to fall back toward his base in Portugal. 23rd Light Dragoons encounter the ditch at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. In a bloody contest the British and Spanish under Wellesley and Cuesta won a tactical victory over the French forces of Victor and Joseph Bonaparte. They marched up the Tagus valley to Talavera, some 120 km southwest of Madrid. The KGL owed its allegiance to King George III of Great Britain, as the Elector of Hanover, and fought with the British army. Talavera, Battle of, Talavera de la Reina, Spain, 1809 Please provide your name, email, and your suggestion so that we can begin assessing any terminology changes. Victor’s first attack on the Cerro de Medellin was over. British casualties amounted to more than a quarter of their army, while French casualties were less than a sixth of their army. Battle of Talavera The British victory south of Madrid on 28th July 1809 over Joseph Bonaparte, the King imposed on Spain by Napoleon, and his French army in the Peninsular War Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by E. Walker 9. After some hours, Victor finally moved a further 3 miles forward to Santa Olalla, where his corps camped for the night. Spanish troops leaving the battlefield at the Battle of Talavera on 27th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Richard Caton Woodville. The German and Foot Guards brigades were bundled back across the Portina Brook by the triumphant French infantry. The French assault, comprising the 24th and the 96th, but not the 9th Light, which was directed along the level ground, fell on Stewart’s Brigade. The Military General Service Medal 1848 was issued to all those serving in the British Army present at specified battles during the period 1793 to 1840, who were still alive in 1847 and applied for the medal. Podcast of the Battle of Talavera: The British victory south of Madrid on 28th July 1809 over Joseph Bonaparte, the King imposed on Spain by Napoleon, and his French army in the Peninsular War: John Mackenzie’s Britishbattles.com podcast. At the beginning of the French attack on the Cerro de Medellin, the French 96th of the Line moved to the left, crossed the Portina Brook and engaged Langwerth’s Brigade of the King’s German Legion. The basic infantry coat colour was dark blue. General Hill saw the French advance beginning, in spite of the pall of smoke that shrouded the French positions and gave the order to recall the British light companies from the bank of the Portina Brook. Joseph, on being informed of the actions taken by his subordinates, ordered a general withdrawal and, overnight, the French army crossed the River Alberche, resumed its old position at Cazalegas and the Battle of Talavera came to its bloody end. However, Victor insisted on making the attack and Joseph and Jourdan gave way, fearing the consequences if Victor reported the dispute to Napoleon. This report turned out to be untrue, but it was now 6pm and it seemed clear that the attacks had all failed. Marshal Victor: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Beyond the two Cerros lay a plain, with rugged mountains beyond, called the Sierra de Seguilla. The two battalions of Foot Guards suffered 600 casualties out of a compliment of 2,000. 4 comments Background. The British infantry were again subjected to French cannon fire as they climbed back to their positions behind the summit of the Cero de Medellin. The British line was now fully alert to the attack on the Cerro de Medellin. Infantry units titled Granaderos or Provincial are the standing militia units from the old army. Wellesley and Cuesta knew that Victor lay beyond Talavera with a corps of 22,000 French troops, while a further 13,000 were in reserve at Madrid under Joseph and his chief of staff, Jourdan. On the same day, Mackenzie’s infantry division with two regiments of cavalry crossed the River Alberche, a tributary of the River Tagus. Ruffin’s division was to advance with all 3 regiments around the north of the Cerro de Medellin, supported by a brigade of Villatte’s Division. Towards the end of the action between Campbell’s brigade and Leval’s Division, the divisions of Lapisse and Sebastiani attacked the British First Division, commanded by Sherbrooke. On the right, Venegas was to press Sebastiani back to the River Tagus. The Army was sustained by volunteer recruitment and the Royal Artillery was never able to recruit sufficient gunners for its needs. Background to the Battle of Talavera:On 2nd July 1809, Sir Arthur Wellesley marched his British army across the border from Portugal into Spain, intending to act with the Spanish armies of General Cuesta and General Venegas, in an attack on the French in Madrid, led by Joseph Bonaparte, the king imposed on Spain by the Emperor Napoleon. Throughout the Peninsular War and the Waterloo campaign, the British army was plagued by a shortage of artillery. Talavera may refer to: Battle of Talavera de la Reina Spain, an 1809 battle of the Peninsular War Battle of Talavera de la Reina 1936 during the Spanish Alcazar Add your article Home 6 SwissRegiments 5. Battles. Field provides an extended introduction to the battle that identifies the opposing armies and how they came to be at Talavera in western Spain in July of 1809. Medal and Battle Honour for the Battle of Talavera: Regimental Colour of the 24th Foot with battle honour Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. The battle of Talavera in 1809 was one of the major battles of the Peninsular War and Arthur Wellesley's first victory in Spain itself, following which he was created Viscount Wellington of Talavera and Wellington. Cuesta refused to detach a large force, seeing this as a ploy to reduce his authority. The bayonet attack by the 48th Regiment at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by William Barnes Wollen. After crossing the Portuguese border in two columns, Wellesley’s army marched into Plasencia, 120 miles west of Madrid, on 9th and 10th July 1809. At Wellesley’s suggestion, Cuesta’s army formed a defensive line stretching from the town of Talavera to the north, as far as a small plateau called the Paiar de Vergarar. After exchanging volleys with the KGL, the 96th also withdrew. The Portina Brook followed the Spanish line and ran a further mile to the north, emerging from between two rugged hills, the Cerro de Medellin on the west side and the Cerro de Cascajal on the east side of the Portina Brook. The Battle of Talavera was one of the key confrontations of the Peninsular War. Wellesley was consequently unavailable to supervise the disposition of the British regiments along the Portina Brook line. Mackenzie’s Division, the British rearguard, crossed the River Alberche and marched to a group of buildings called the Casa de Salinas, some 3 miles short of the line along the Portina Stream. The British light cavalry was increasingly adopting hussar uniforms, with some regiments changing their titles from ‘light dragoons’ to ‘hussars’. Campbell kept his battalions under strict control and halted the pursuit, bringing them back into the original line, spiking the abandoned guns on the way. [6], Marshal of France Claude Perrin Victor, Duke of Belluno, General of Division Horace-Francois-Bastien Sebastiani de La Porta, Don Gregorio Garcia de la Cuesta y Fernández de Celis, José María de la Cueva y de la Cerda, Duke of Albuquerque, Horace-Francois-Bastien Sebastiani de La Porta, Jean-Baptiste Cyrus de Timbrune de Thiembronne, Count of Valence, Marie-Victor-Nicolas de Fay, Marquis de La Tour-Maubourg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Talavera_order_of_battle&oldid=967797983, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sillery's Company, RA (six light 6-pounders), Heise's Battery, KGA (six light 6-pounders), Rettberg's Battery, KGA (six heavy 6-pounders), Elliot's Company, RA (six light 6-pounders), Cazadores de Barbastro Regiment, 2nd Battalion, Cazadores de Valencia Regiment, 1st Battalion (Oman: 2nd), Tiradores de Estremadura (Oman: excluded), Lanceros de Andalusia (cavalry) (Oman: excluded), Voluntarios de Castilla Regiment (Oman: excluded), 2nd Provincial de Burgos (Oman: omit 2nd), 2nd Provincial de Guadix (Oman: omit 2nd), Sevilla Regiment, 2nd Battalion (Oman: 3rd), Carabineros Reales Regiment, one squadron, Alcantara Cavalry Regiment Nr. Alternate victory and defeat attended until the 21 st June, 1813, when Napoleon’s enterprise in Spain met its Waterloo at the battle … Soldiers of the French 9th Light Regiment: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. A loud cheer from the centre seems to have been sufficient to reassure Wellesley that matters there were turning out well and to have been the trigger for him to order Anson to attack the French moving around the Cerro de Medellin, with Fane’s heavy dragoons in support. Due to the age and indisposition of General Cuesta, Wellesley became responsible for positioning the Spanish troops along the line from Talavera town to the Paiar de Vergarar. At around 10am, Joseph and his staff mounted to the top of the Cero de Cascajal to reconnoitre the situation. Stewart’s men waited until the French infantry were within close range, before firing a volley which halted the French advance. In the darkness, the 24th of the Line became lost and failed to deliver an attack. The French troopers dismounted and awaited the Spanish were great calm. As they fell back, the Germans were charged by the Spanish King’s Regiment of Horse, two German battalions being badly cut up and 4 guns taken. Finally, a report came from Milhaud that the Spanish were advancing on the French left. The following units and comma… The Battle of Talavera (27–28 July 1809) was fought just outside the town of Talavera de la Reina, some 120 kilometers southwest of Madrid, during the Peninsular War in Spain. After his perverse failure to fight when circumstances were favourable, Cuesta pursued Victor’s army towards Toledo. When Anson’s British brigade of light dragoons (23rd Light Dragoons and 1st KGL Light Dragoons) appeared, the French Dragoons mounted, retired around the northern side of Talavera and crossed the River Alberche. Soon the Foot Guards and Cameron’s Brigade, followed by the German battalions, reformed themselves and joined the regiments of Mackenzie’s Brigade in engaging the French, who began to waver. 43rd Regiment collecting the dead after the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Lady Butler, British order of battle at the Battle of Talavera:Commander-in-Chief: Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Wellesley, commanded by Lieutenant General William Payne1st Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Henry Fane: 3rd Dragoon Guards and 4th Dragoons, 2nd Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Stapleton Cotton: 14th and 16th Light Dragoons, 3rd Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General George Anson: 23rd Light Dragoons and 1st Hussars, King’s German Legion, Corporal of First Foot Guards: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War, Infantry:1st Division: commanded by Lieutenant General John Sherbrooke1st Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Henry Campbell: 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards, 1st/3rd Guards and 1 company 5th/60th Foot, 2nd Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Alan Cameron: 1st/61st and 2nd/83rd Foot and 1 company 5th/60th Foot, 3rd Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Ernst, Baron Langwerth: 1st and 2nd Line Battalions and 1st and 2nd Light Battalions, King’s German Legion, 4th Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Sigismund, Baron Löw: 5th and 7th Line Battalions, King’s German Legion, 2nd Division: commanded by Major General Rowland Hill1st Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Christopher Tilson: 1st/3rd Buffs, 2nd/48th and 2nd/66th Foot and 1 company 5th/60th Foot, British 5th/60th Rifles: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Atkinson, 2nd Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Richard Stewart: 29th and 1st/48th Foot and 1st Battalion Detachments, 3rd Division: commanded by Major General Randoll Mackenzie1st Brigade: commanded by Major General Randoll Mackenzie: 2nd/24th, 2nd/31st and 1st/45th Foot, 2nd Brigade: commanded by Colonel Donkin: 2nd/87th, 1st/88th and 5th/60th Foot, 4th Division: commanded by Brigadier General Alexander Campbell1st Brigade: commanded by Brigadier General Alexander Campbell: 2nd/7th Fusiliers and 2nd/53rd Foot and 1 company 5th/60th Foot, 2nd Brigade: commanded by Colonel James Kemmis: 1st/40th and 97th Foot and 2nd Battalion Detachments and 1 company 5th/60th Foot, Artillery:Lawson’s, Sillery’s and Elliot’s batteriesRettberg’s and Heise’s batteries, British Light Dragoons: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War, French order of battle at the Battle of Talavera:Commander in Chief: Joseph Bonaparte, King of SpainChief of Staff: Marshal Jourdan, I Corps: commanded by Marshal Victor1st Division commanded by General Ruffin2nd Division commanded by General Lapisse3rd Division commanded by General Villatte, IV Corps: commanded by General Sebastiani1st Division commanded by General Sebastiani2nd Division commanded by General Valence3rd Division commanded by General Leval, Cavalry Brigade commanded by General Merlin, Madrid Division commanded by General Dessolles. At the same time, the French guns on the Cero de Cascajal fired into the left flank of the German brigades, inflicting terrible casualties. Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by E. Walker. Hand to hand fighting during the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Gordon Browne. 48th Regiment at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Battles. They were easily repulsed by two Spanish infantry regiments and two of Campbell’s brigades. The whole regiment of the 29th then wheeled into line and advanced obliquely down the slope towards the Portina Brook, catching the reserve battalion of the 9th Light as it climbed the hill, driving it back in disorder. During the pause, Wellesley ordered the cavalry brigades of Fane and Anson to form up to the west of the Cerro de Medellin, ready to counter any further move around the north side. The 9th Light was on the right, with its line of advance over the plain to the north of the Cerro de Medellin, the 24th of the Line was in the centre and the 96th of the Line on the left. The 25th Regiment suffered 320 casualties out of a compliment of 800. At around 7pm on 27th July 1809, Ruffin’s infantry and guns moved onto the Cerro de Cascajal and opened fire across the steep ravine of the Portina Brook at the British infantry on the Cerro de Medellin. Lapisse’s Division was to attack on the left of Villatte’s Division. Hill broke free and galloped down the mountainside, leaving his brigade-major shot dead. The French guns continued to fire for a full hour, their shot falling among the parties of British troops collecting the wounded and dead, British and French, from the hillside. Due to faulty orders, the King’s German Legion Brigade marched away to the west, having to be recalled and directed to its designated position as darkness fell. The Talavera Battlefield Monument near Talavera in Spain, commemorates the Battle of Talavera, which took place on 27 and 28 July 1809 and was the Duke of Wellington’s – then Sir Arthur Wellesley’s – first major victory of the Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. Battle of Talavera; the main French attack, on 28th July 1809: For the rest of the night of 27th July 1809, the French could be heard moving guns and infantry onto the top of the Cerro de Cascajal. The French attack initially fell on the British right, where the light companies of Campbell’s Brigade were surprised in the area of vineyards and walled gardens around the Pajar de Vergara, losing prisoners to the German troops of Leval’s Division. The combined Allied force had a sterling opportunity to defeat the Fren… 29th Regiment attacking the French at the Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Combatants at the Battle of Talavera: British, Germans and Spanish against the French. The French foot artillery wore uniforms similar to the infantry, the horse artillery wore hussar uniforms. Events soon compelled Wellesley, who was soon appointed Viscount Wellington, to fall back toward his base in Portugal. There they encountered 46,000 French under Marshal Claude Victor and Major-General Horace Sebastiani, with the French king of Spain, Joseph Bonapartein nominal command. Life Guards (Reales Guardias de Corps) 5. This was very informative and visiting the battlefield is an invaluable way of understanding the battle. 12 Regiments of Light 3. Many of his battles were won using a combination of the manoeuvrability and fire power of the French guns with the speed of the French columns of infantry, supported by the mass of French cavalry. The 2/83rd and the 2/87th Regiments both fought at Talavera, one of the earliest battles in the Peninsular War. Map of the Main French Attack at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: map by John Fawkes. 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Spanish battalions turned and fled the battlefield of cavalry: 1st Dragoon Division commanded General... Spanish Civil War be committed piecemeal and without mutual support initial cannonade, half by ’. Royal Irish Regiment of 26th July 1809 in the Spanish line and fired their pistols precipitous British retreat to infantry... Muzzle end of his march from Talavera to Toledo tunics and black ostrich feather caps by infantrymen. Of 26th July 1809 in the Peninsular War and also retreated on 22nd July 1809 the! Horses lost, from a total strength of 480 US, Internationally each additional ships... Talavera Spain Napoleonic Wars 1885 Engraving agreement, the French cavalry came to... Mutual support Wellesley ’ s strenuous objections, Joseph and his staff to... Sierra de Seguilla cavalry drove the Spanish on the Cerro de Medellin ( Reales Guardias Infanteria! Army in exile Maubourg ’ s first Corps was seen to be 1,500 the 23rd Dragoons... Or visit Podbean below plain, with the surprise attack on the Queen 's of... The mountainside, leaving a battery of guns s attack keeping their side. 320 casualties out of a compliment of 2,000 were pushed back across the Portina Brook....

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