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The long answer has to do with the parts of your DNA that give specific instructions for one small part of you. Study participants were also interviewed, and had their weight and height logged, while skin colour was measured using a device called a reflectometer . 3 to 4 ____ apply to multifactorial traits but may be difficult to follow because different genes contribute in … How is skin colour controlled by genes? Genes have a significant influence on skin because skin is made of so many proteins. 1989; Toyooka et al. In both cases, understanding the genetic architecture of human skin color is likely to provide a greater appreciation of underlying biological mechanisms, much in the same way that mutational hotspots in the gene TP53 have helped to educate society about the risks of tobacco (Takahashi et al. Most people associate Africans with dark skin. The long answer, though, is much more interesting. For example, collagen, which forms the basic structure of your skin and gives it strength, is a protein. So is melanin, which is the pigment that gives your skin its color. If skin color were inherited in a simple dominant or recessive pattern, like seed color in pea plants. Recessive 2. Using a simplified example of a polygenetic trait controlled by only three genes, this becomes easier to visualize. It turns out that there isn’t just one or even a few genes involved in skin color. By Ann Gibbons Oct. 12, 2017 , 2:00 PM. All hair, skin, and eye colors come from these pigments. It is astonishing that in a few short years, our understanding of the molecular genetics of human pigmentation has progressed from asking simple questions about what type and how many genes underlie the diversity of skin, hair and eye colour to the identification of several of the major loci and polymorphisms responsible.There is a high degree of variation in colour (amount … What would be the genotypes of dark-skinned parents that could produce fair-skinned children? Most evidence indicates that skin color is controlled by how many gene pairs? In other words, your genes. INTRODUCTION. People have two color pigments, eumelanin, which is brown/black, and pheomelanin which is reddish. Skin, eye, and hair color 3. The pigment melanin is responsible for dark coloration in the skin and there are at least three genes, which control for human skin color. 1. Smart News Keeping you current Genetic Study Shows Skin Color Is Only Skin Deep Genes for both light and dark pigmentation have been in the human gene pool for at least 900,000 years New gene variants reveal the evolution of human skin color. A couple can have a baby with a skin color that isn’t between their own. « on: 11/09/2008 10:06:56 » Wells, Catherine asked the Naked Scientists: Hi, I understand about dominant and recessive genes in such things as eye colour, but was wondering how it is that if a black and a white person have … 2003). What other traits are likely to be controlled by multiple genes? In other words, more genes are having an influence over skin pigmentation, and only about 10 percent of these genes have previously been linked to changes in skin colour. Eumelanin comes in two forms, brown and black. Examples of Polygenic Inheritance Skin Color. 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